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Deaths due to extreme weather conditions, including heatwave, storms and floods could rise 50-fold by the year 2100 in Europe if no action is taken to tackle global warming and climate change, researchers have warned.

Deaths in Europe caused by climate change will increase drastically, according to a study commissioned by the European Commission of Climatologists and Meteorologists, reports SEGA.

On Wednesday, a study in the journal Science Advances said South Asia, home to a fifth of the global population, could see humid heat rise to unsurvivable levels by century's end.

Global warming will be the cause of 90 per cent of all the future weather-related deaths in Europe.

Heatwaves will do most of the damage, claiming some 99 per cent of future weather-related deaths - more than 151,000 of the annual total by 2100 from about 2,700 per year recently.

They conclude that southern Europe will be hardest hit, particularly Spain and Italy.

The researchers analysed the probable impact of the seven most risky weather-related disasters - heatwaves, cold snaps, wildfires, river and coastal floods, windstorms and droughts - in the 28 countries of the European Union, together with Norway, Switzerland and Iceland.

At the beginning of the 21st century, the death toll was about three million people by the year 2099, this figure could grow to 351 million.

In a study in The Lancet Planetary Health, scientists said their findings showed climate change placing a rapidly increasing burden on society. The other 10 per cent will be due to simple population growth, as well as migration into weather-disaster-prone areas.

Nearly all of the projected deaths are expected to come from heat waves, particularly in southern Europe.

"The study does not take into consideration advances in medical technology or the increasing installation of air conditioning, as air conditioning in Europe is now far less prevalent than in the United States", Sublette said.

In a comment on the study, Jae Young-lee and Ho-kim of the Seoul National University wrote its projections "could be overestimated".

Forzieri and his colleagues believe that their study is relevant to priorities outlined in the Paris Agreement, the UN Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and the European Union Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change.

"They offer strategies to curtail energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, such as reduction of urban sprawl and automobile dependence, and are, in many instances, the most effective tools for reduction of the number of human beings exposed and their vulnerability to extreme weather events".