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"We were shocked and horrified by what happened", the committee's chairman, Anastasia Crickley, said in an interview, expressing disgust at the televised images of white supremacists' torch-lit parade through Charlottesville.

The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination issued an "early warning" on Wednesday, Aug. 23, the first step in its line of procedures to prevent existing situations from escalating into conflict and to respond to matters that require immediate attention.

The UN body used this mechanism only six times in the past decade prior to Wednesday, most recently in Burundi, Iraq and Ivory Coast.

The U.N. Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination issued its call to action though an "early warning and urgent action" procedure. The panel comprises what the United Nations calls "18 independent experts who are persons of high moral standing and acknowledged impartiality".

It recommends that the US government "identify and take concrete measures to address the root causes of the proliferation of such racist manifestations, and thoroughly investigate the phenomenon of racial discrimination targeting in particular against people of African descent, ethnic or ethno-religious minorities, and migrants" as well as "ensure that the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly are not exercised with the aim of destroying or denying the rights and freedoms of others, especially the right to equality and non-discrimination, and that the Government of the United States of America provide the necessary guarantees so that such rights are not misused to promote racist hate speech and racist crimes".

On August 12, a white nationalist rally in the city of Charlottesville had turned violent, with a vehicle ramming into a number of people who were protesting peacefully against the demonstration. The U.N. document names both victims, Heather Heyer and Deandre Harris. Two days later, the president in remarks at the White House specifically named white supremacists, the Ku Klux Klan, neo-Nazis "and other hate groups".

Mr Trump revved up supporters in Phoenix on Tuesday with a defence of his response to a white supremacist-organised rally in Charlottesville, Virginia.

The United Nations has raised a rare racism alarm in the USA as it called on American President Donald Trump to "unequivocally" condemn racist speech and crimes warning that failure to do so may give room to further violence.

It also recommended that the U.S.

However, the US must guarantee these rights aren't misused to promote racist hate speech and hate crimes.