Today's 25 Year Environment Plan also contained a pledge to work with the waste management industry to "significantly" boost the proportion of plastics collected for recycling.
"This plan sets out the further action we will take. In the United Kingdom alone, the amount of single-use plastic wasted every year would fill 1,000 Royal Albert Halls". One in three fish caught in the English Channel contains pieces of plastic.
In the United Kingdom alone, the Marine Conservation Society found 718 pieces of litter for every 100-metre stretch of beach surveyed in its Great British Beach Clean Up.
The plan will be unveiled on Thursday and Whitehall sources confirmed that a consultation on extending the plastic bag charge will form part of it. "I hope the Government's commitment to plastic recycling will now lead to more solutions in the short-term to stimulate plastic recycling in the United Kingdom, and ensure material is of high quality for export to recycling facilities overseas".
Responding to today's announcement, the Food & Drink Federation (FDF) said it would be studying the details of the plan, and hoped it would help create a long-term framework in which businesses could operate.
Further proposals to standardise recycling practices across the United Kingdom and encourage manufacturers and retailers to streamline the number of different plastics they use are also expected.
"The most glaring gap is support for deposit return schemes".
He also confirmed that he is working with International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt on using the £13 billion foreign aid budget to tackle the tide of plastic poisoning the world's oceans.
The Environment Secretary, urged to tackle the 2.5 billion disposable coffee cups the United Kingdom bins a year, matched the colour to his green tie.
Green and animal welfare policies have become one of the key tenants of Tory party messaging since the 2017 election, with Environment Secretary Michael Gove winning praise for his first six months in the job.
But Katie Perrior, who was Mrs May's former Director of Communications, has raised doubts around the motive behind the Prime Minister's recent environmental policies.
She said: "It is sometimes suggested that a belief in a free market economy which pursues the objective of economic growth is not compatible with taking the action necessary to protect and enhance our natural environment, that we need to give up on the very idea of economic growth itself as the price we have to pay for sustainability".
The NFU view, in response to this call, was to issue its own plea for a "coherent approach" throughout the next 25 years of United Kingdom environmental development.
It was left unclear how this would relate to the Environment Agency or whether it would replace it.
Jo Salter, founder of social enterprise WhereDoesItComeFrom, adds: "Plastic waste in the United Kingdom has reached crisis point so it's really good news that the 5p charge on plastic bags is being extended".