Australia, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Solomon Islands and Togo joined Israel and the U.S. in voting against the resolution, which comes weeks after Washington vetoed a similar resolution in the 15-member UN Security Council.
FILE - A combination picture shows an Israeli drone intercepting a Palestinian kite in an area where kites and balloons have caused blazes, on the Israeli side of the border between Israel and the Gaza Strip, June 8, 2018.
Briefing journalists earlier in the day, Spokesperson for the President of the General Assembly, Brenden Varma, said that if the resolution passed, it would represent an "important expression of political will" and an "important recommendation by the General Assembly".
"I wish everyone supporting this one-sided resolution would put as much energy into encouraging President Abbas to the negotiating table", she said.
Qatar's rulers have strong ties to Hamas, the Palestinian Islamist movement that runs Gaza but which is considered a terrorist organization by Israel, the United States and the European Union.
Australia, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Solomon Islands and Togo joined Israel and the United States in voting against the resolution.
The Liberal party's youth arm had called on the government to relocate its embassy from Tel Aviv to Israel's legislative capital, and to suspend all aid to Palestine "until it terminates its 'Martyr's fund". The tactic has been used during the Great Return March protests which led to a crackdown by Israeli authorities.
"Given that extremists will continue the fight, Israel reserved the right to carry out in the region of the so-called "preventive operations" and to respond to any attacks in the address", - summed up, in particular, he said.
It blames Israel for the recent deaths of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and urges the worldwide community to consider protections for Palestinian civilians.
"We need protection of our civilian population", Palestinian U.N. envoy Riyad Mansour told the General Assembly before the vote, adding that the resolution was "intended to contribute to a de-escalation of the volatile situation". "We can not remain silent in the face of the most violent crimes and human rights violations being systemically perpetuated against us", he affirmed.
With 120 votes in favor, eight against and 45 abstentions, the UN General Assembly approved a resolution that demands the protection of Palestinian civilians from the excessive and indiscriminate use of force by Israel. "The United States has isolated and exposed itself to the global community because of this position", Maliki said.